Each creator of a web product or application on which personal data is processed is obliged to secure them by implementing the GDPR. Therefore, the application should contain several functionalities that increase the protection of data provided by users. How can a product designer ensure information security in accordance with the applicable GDPR rules?
The Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) contains detailed requirements that must be met by enterprises and organizations, including the collection, storage and processing of personal data. Personal data is any information about a specific person or an identifiable person and includes the following information: name, address, ID / passport number, income, cultural characteristics, IP address, data identifying the person for medical purposes. The personal data administrator is responsible for the data security provided.
The above-mentioned information requires appropriate protection so that it does not fall into the wrong hands and thus is not used illegally. Therefore, the website or application that collects user data is obliged to protect data in accordance with the GDPR regulation. How can the website builder ensure the required data security? The most common ways are:
- the possibility of completely removing the user and his personal data from the database – when the data is no longer needed for the purpose of processing, a natural person may ask the administrator to delete it. There are some exceptions to this rule: for example, payment-related data or system-critical data - neither data nor the user assigned to it can be deleted,
- password policy – appropriate strength of passwords and, if possible, their cyclical change as a means of securing user accounts against hacking. The application for entering the password should force the user to use a password with complicated content that is more difficult to break, and additionally remind the user to change it,
- use of an encrypted connection (SSL) – in order to encrypt all user communication with the website and protect his credentials and personal data, an encrypted connection should be introduced SSL is a protocol that enables the encryption of the information stream that runs between the user of a website and the server of that website. It guarantees that the transmitted data is safe and confidential,
- continuous verification of cybersecurity and GDPR compliance – in order to strengthen data security, especially when adding new functions to a website or application, regular security checks should be carried out and any gaps or vulnerabilities should be reacted quickly.
Failure to comply with the provisions of the GDPR may lead to the imposition of high fines, up to EUR 20 million or 4% of the company's global turnover. In addition, the data protection authority may order additional corrective measures, such as no longer processing personal data. Therefore, in case of any doubts, it is worth conducting a GDPR compliance audit, which is performed on both web and mobile applications.